Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency among migrants include dark-skin pigmentation, cultural practices such as veiling and insufﬁcient sunlight exposure in the host country. It’s common among dark-skinned individuals who migrate to high- northern or low southern latitudes.
Dr. Pawel Pludowski, The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, said that vitamin D deficiency is associated with adverse health in dark-skinned individuals who have migrated to countries at higher latitudes. Somali women who have migrated to Sweden have increased muscle weakness compared with ethnic Swedish women and low bone mineral density compared with white American and African American reference populations.
In a recent study, pre-migration latitude also was found to be an important factor for vitamin D deficiency. That is, the lower the pre-migration latitude, the higher the risk for vitamin D deficiency posts migration. The study also found that the pre-migration latitude predicted future risk for CVD in migrants. It seems that more attention is required to eradicate vitamin D deficiency among migrants.
Vitamin D Deficiency Management in Adults Through Pharmaceutical Care
Vitamin D Deficiency – A Public Health Issue in Asian Populations
An Evidence Based Review On Vitamin D’s Role in Respiratory Diseases